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Standardization & Quality Control of Iron & Steel

India is the 3rd largest steel producer in the world. Percentage of standard and certified steel produced by integrated steel plants varies from 80-90%. In secondary steel sector this percentage is very low. Besides, many of the units in the secondary sector particularly the induction furnace units produce and sell steel products which do not conform to the prescribed standards. This is a major issue and Ministry of Steel is ceased of the matter.

In India, Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) is the National Standards Body, who are engaged in formulation and implementation of National Standards knows as Indian Standards. Adoption of Indian Standards or marking products to bear ISI Mark by its very nature is optional unless it is made mandatory under specific Law, Rules & Regulations. Section 14 of BIS Act 1986 authorizes Union Government to make the use of ISI marks mandatory in the public interest.

Government has been pursuing imposition of steel quality control order for ensuring the availability of quality steel to the industry, users and public at large. During 2012-2015, Government notified 30 carbon steel products to make available quality steel for the sectors mainly in construction, infrastructure, automobile and engineering applications. Vide Gazette Notification dated 12th March, 2012, Ministry of Steel had notified two Quality Control orders namely: Steel and Steel Products (Quality Control) Order, 2012 and Steel and Steel Products (Quality Control) Second Order, 2012. In the first order 7 Standards and in the second order 9 products (one product later withdrawn) were notified and now these products require mandatory Certification. Later on 18th December, 2015, Ministry of Steel notified 15 more products vide order namely Steel and Steel Products (Quality Control) Order, 2015. This covers the major flat and long products to ensure safety & security of infrastructure & engineering products made of steel.

Further, Government issued another quality control order namely Stainless Steel Products (Quality Control) Order, 2016, dated 10th June, 2016 covering thereby 3 categories of stainless steel products covered under 3 Indian Standards,

Thus, Ministry of Steel has, so far, notified 4 different quality control orders covering thereby 33 steel products. On request of various stakeholders, the date of enforcement for some of the orders were extended from time to time. The main orders along with all the amendment orders may be seen at the link given below. Presently, all the 4 orders are fully implemented.